Swollen, bleeding and receded gums, dental calculi, loose teeth, unpleasant mouth odor - these are the signs of periodontal disease. Periodontal diseases are divided into gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is an inflammation of gums that, if left untreated, develops into a more complex, more dangerous form of disease - periodontitis. Periodontitis affects not only gums, but also periodontal ligament and jaw bone, which begins to dissolve. This disease is one of the most common causes of tooth loss.
Gingival recession is the retraction of gums when the surface of tooth root is exposed. The most common causes of gum recession are widespread periodontal disease, improper dental care, and bruxism. When treating recessions, the most important thing is to eliminate the causes of the problem and ensure proper personal dental hygiene - this reduces or stops the retraction of gums, restores an attractive smile.
Professional oral hygiene
Professional oral hygiene is intended for both prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases. During procedure, dental plaque and microorganisms are removed, the condition of gums obviously improves, and the smell of the mouth becomes fresh. The frequency of procedure will be recommended by a specialist who has assessed the condition of Your oral cavity.
Surgical periodontal treatment
Surgical treatment (gingival flap operation) is required when periodontal disease is already advanced and deep pockets are formed between Your teeth and gums. Under local anesthesia, surgeon makes small cuts in Your gums and lifts up a section of soft tissues, then carefully cleans tooth roots and sutures the gums back. After the procedure, periodontal pockets are eliminated or reduced, and environment more conducive to good oral hygiene is created.
Gums regain healthy color and contour, do not bleed or bleed less. Healthy teeth are maintained, and the course of periodontal disease is stabilized or slowed down.