Prevention and treatmen of tooth grinding and tooth wear

Risks of tooth grinding

Involuntary tooth grinding is called bruxism. This disorder occurs most commonly at night, when teeth are clenched or severely grinded against each other. The habit of bruxism may be observed in people of any age – children, adolescents or adults. Uncontrollable tooth grinding is associated with emotional tension, stress, fatigue. Bruxism is an immense problem very often diagnosed too late when one’s teeth are already seriously damaged. and need various restorations. Because of grinding, teeth become shorter and cracked, the height of occlusion is lost – therefore extensive restorations are required to bring back the original function and aesthetics of dental arches.

Aesthetic changes Body reactions
  1. Wrinkles around lips
  2. Cracked or fractured teeth
  3. Shortened teeth that are not even noticeable when a person speaks
  1. Sensitive teeth
  2. Limited mouth opening
  3. Decreased quality of chewing function
  4. Tinnitus
  5. Headaches
  6. Disorders of the temporomandibular joint
  7. Sore chewing muscles in the mornings


<strong1st method. Prosthetics

If the teeth are badly damaged, they must be restored with inlays, overlays or veneers. Various prosthetic options allow to correct the form, function and aesthetics of severely worn teeth.

2nd method. Protective splints (mouthguards)

Bruxism splint is an individually produced dental appliance that protects teeth, joints and chewing muscles from damage. A mouthguard worn at night helps to avoid excessive tooth contact and to relax chewing muscles.

3rd method. Orthodontics

Straightening of Your teeth might be necessary, if the cause of bruxism is irregular bite.

4th method. Combined treatment

Tooth grinding and wear may be caused by several factors: stress, irregular occlusion, improper fillings or low-quality prosthesis. In this case, prolonged and consistent treatment will be needed: correction of bite, restoration of damaged teeth, prosthetics, and in some cases – even a consult with a psychologist.

Treatment of worn teeth

In order to fundamentally solve the disorders of the temporomandibular joint, the causes, not only the consequences, should be eliminated. If bruxism is caused by an irregular bite, it should be corrected. If tooth grinding and wear occurs due to psychological factors like anxiety, stress or depression, consider changing Your lifestyle, slowing down the pace of life, and reducing the workload.

If you have any questions or want to make appointment - contact us!

Recommended specialists

Marek Maliuk

Dentist, implant surgeon


Phone: +370 688 39000

Address: Kalvarijų g. 135, Vilnius, Lietuva

E. mail:

Mikroskopinės odontologijos klinika

I - V 8:00 - 20:00